You can import data from REST API sources which return JSON, XML or CSV data. Data import is similar to Excel and CSV file upload but you do not need to export source data to file and upload to eazyBI. In addition you can schedule regular daily import from provided REST API data source.
Please at first read about eazyBI cubes, dimensions and measures - you will need to understand multi-dimensional data model to be able to map source file columns to cube dimensions and measures.
In this tutorial we will use GitHub issues REST API data source as example.
Create new source application
Go to Source Data tab and Add new source application and select REST API application type.
If you have created already another similar REST API data source then you can export its definition and paste it in Import definition to create new REST API source application with the same parameters.
REST API source parameters
In the next step you will need to provide REST API source parameters which will be used to retrieve the data. See example:
In Source data URL provide REST API URL which returns the data. In this example, we are using GitHub issues REST API to get all issues from https://github.com/rails/rails/issues. In addition, we have added parameters
per_page=100 (to indicate that we want to get 100 issues per page) and
state=closed to indicate that we want to get just closed issues.
In Pagination parameters specify if you can get all data just with one request or you need to make many requests to get all result pages. In this example, we are using Page parameter and we specify that we need to use an additional
page parameter to get all pages (it will add parameters
page=2, ... and so on to get all result pages. If page size can be specified as a parameter then add it in URL input (as we already provided
per_page=100 in this example).
Another option is to use Offset and limit parameter if we can get all pages using parameters e.g.
limit=100, ... and so on.
The last option is to use Next page URL and specify a path to a JSON results property which contains the URL of the next page. For example, if REST API uses the HAL convention for specifying the next page URL then enter
_links.next.href. If the property will not be specified then the Link header of the HTTP response will be checked if it contains a URL with the attribute
It is recommended to use page or offset and limit parameters if possible as it will enable concurrent REST API requests and will make the import faster. By default, up to 10 concurrent REST API requests will be made at the same time. Starting from the eazyBI version 4.7 you can adjust the maximum number of concurrent requests using the Concurrency parameter (for example, reduce it if too many concurrent requests are causing errors in the source application).
Next, we need to specify if and how the requests should be authenticated in Authentication parameters. You can use simple Basic authentication and provide username and password or specify authentication HTTP header name and value, as well as use OAuth 1.0a or OAuth 2.0 authentication. If you need to use OAuth authentication then typically you will need to register eazyBI as consumer / client in the provider application.
In this example GitHub uses OAuth 2.0 for their REST API authentication. At first we need to register eazyBI application in our GitHub account settings / Applications:
Please specify there Authorization callback URL as Redirect URL that you see in eazyBI REST API source parameters page.
After registration you will get your application Client ID and Client Secret - please paste them in eazyBI REST API source parameters page corresponding fields.
If you will create several REST API sources in your eazyBI account that all retrieve data from the same source site (GitHub in this example) then you can use the same Client ID and Client Secret for all these REST API sources.
Please enter Authorize URL and Token URL parameters according to REST API source OAuth authentication documentation (in case of GitHub OAuth implementation they are https://github.com/login/oauth/authorize and https://github.com/login/oauth/access_token.
Finally specify wether REST API will return JSON, XML or CSV. In case of JSON you can specify JSONPath expression which returns JSON array of objects that we want to import in eazyBI (it is necessary if REST API returns more complex object and array of data for import are in some lower level JSON attribute). Similarly in case of XML you can specify XPath expression which returns list of XML nodes that should be imported in eazyBI.
In our GitHub issues example we do not need to provide JSONPath expression as REST API will return simple array of issue objects.
Click Continue to process to the next step.
By default, REST API import will always re-import all data. During the import, the old imported Measures data will be deleted and then replaced by newly returned Measures data. Dimension members will be updated and new Dimension members added Note old Dimension members are not deleted. If REST API returns many pages of results then each data import might take long time as well as reports might return incomplete data while the old data are deleted and not all new data are imported.
If REST API supports additional parameters to return just the recently updated data then you can use the incremental import option to update just the recent source data after the initial full import. Click Incremental import parameters to specify additional parameters:
- Select Use incremental import to enable it.
- If REST API does not provide parameters for selecting just the recent updated data then you can use the option "Stop incremental import when no source data are changed in a returned page". If during the import some REST API results page will have all the same data that have been imported before then the import will be stopped. But please be aware that if data are changed when stored in eazyBI (e.g. decimal numbers are truncated when stored) then the source data page will not be exactly the same as in eazyBI.
Therefore it is recommended to specify Additional URL parameters to limit just the recently updated source data. Typically you need to specify a URL date parameter that limits results to recently updated source data.
For example, in our GitHub issues example REST API has
sinceparameter to return only issues updated at or after the specified date and time. We can use the following additional URL parameter:
This will dynamically get a relative date and time 3 days ago and will format it using a strftime format string %Y-%m-%d (see available strftime format options). The following relative time units can be used – years, months, weeks, days, hours, minutes, seconds. And instead of ago also from now can be used to get a date and time in future.
If incremental import is used then it will be required to specify a Source ID column in the source columns mapping step. Source ID column value should provide a unique results row identifier. It is used to identify when some existing imported rows in eazyBI should be replaced with updated source data during the incremental import.
If you have previously imported all data without the incremental import option, then it will not be possible to modify the source columns mapping. Therefore, at first delete all imported data for this REST API source, and then modify the source columns mapping and specify the Source ID column.
doc property that could be used as a unique identifier – e.g. concatenate values of several other properties that will create a unique identifier for a row.
You can use the
title property to capitalized version (first capital letter and then lowercase letters):
If you would like to skip some data rows and do not import them in eazyBI then use
return false; in these cases. Here is example which will skip data rows which do not have
You can also create new properties for the
doc object when you need to construct eazyBI dimension level names or calculate additional measures. Here is example how to create
Here is an example how to create a measure that counts data source rows (returns value 1 for each row):
You can map one source data row to multiple data rows that should be imported into eazyBI. For example, if
doc is an invoice object with several lines then you can return an array of invoice lines which contains both invoice and line attributes:
You can use Underscore.js functions (like
Authorize access to REST API source
In case of OAuth authentication in the first time you will be redirected to source application authorization page where you will need to authorize eazyBI access to source application data:
After successful authorization you will be redirected back to eazyBI Source columns mapping page. If there will be any authentication errors then you will see corresponding error messages - please review your authentication settings and try again.
Source columns mapping
REST API source columns mapping is similar to Excel or CSV file columns mapping where you specify which source data fields should be imported as corresponding eazyBI dimensions or measures. Please review Excel and CSV file upload documentation page if you have not yet done so.
You can click Generate default names toolbar button to turn on automatic dimension and level and measure name generation from column names (which is turned on by default when doing file upload). And when you have mapped columns that you want to import in eazyBI then you can click Hide unmapped columns to hide columns that will not be imported into eazyBI.
See example of GitHub issues columns mapping:
When you need to import several columns as the same dimension attributes then click Show options and specify the following options:
- ID column – if attribute is unique integer ID attribute of dimension member (like issue
idattribute in this example). If ID column is not specified then dimension members will be identified by key column and IDs will be automatically generated for each new key column value.
- Key column – if attribute is unique numeric or string key of dimension member (like issue
- Name column – if attribute is longer name that should be displayed as dimension member name (if not specified then key column will be used as name column). But keep in mind that name column still needs to be unique within dimension (therefore in this case we will not use
titleas name as it might not be unique).
- Ordinal column – if this attribute should be used to order dimension members.
- Source ID column – if incremental import is used then specify exactly one Source ID column that is a unique identifier of the source data row.
- Property name – specify if attribute should be imported as additional property for dimension member which is identified by ID or key column (like issue
titlein this example).
- When importing date or datetime field as dimension property you can specify additional options:
- Date count measure - specify measure name that should store count of imported rows in this date (in this example
Issues createdmeasure will show the count of issues that were created in
Issues closedwill show the count of issues that were closed in
- Date count dimension - specify time dimension which should be used for this measure (by default
Timedimension name is suggested).
- Date count measure - specify measure name that should store count of imported rows in this date (in this example
After mapping all necessary columns you can click Start import. If there will be any mapping errors then they will be shown and columns with errors will be highlighted. If you need to save draft of mapping then click Back to edit and confirm that you want to save changes.
Importing of source data
If source columns mapping was saved without any validation errors then REST API source application will be queued for background import. You will see the updated count of imported rows during the import:
And after successful import it will automatically refresh the status of source application:
You can later visit Source Data tab again and click Import button again to import the latest data from REST API source. During each import it will at first delete all data that were imported previously from this source and then import new data. In addition you can also click Delete data to delete imported data from this source (you need to delete imported data also if you want to change source columns mapping).
As it was mentioned in the beginning you can export REST API source application definition:
and copy this definition and paste in Import definition field when creating different source application to create a new copy of this definition which can be modified later.
GitHub issues source application definition example
If you would like to use this GitHub issues import example from this tutorial then you can use the following source application definition:
You will need to register your own client application in GitHub account settings and get your Client ID and Client Secret.
If you need any help with REST API source data import then please contact eazyBI support.